A large sized tree, 50' to 60' tall, occasionally reaching 100' with a deep crown.
Leaves: simple, alternate, persistent until early spring, elliptical or rarely oblong-obovate, 2" to 4" long, 1/2" wide, wedge shaped, lustrous green above, pale below, midrib, yellow.
Flowers: Unisexual, the staminate, in hairy, red stemmed catkins 2" to 3" long, the pistillate, usually solitary.
Fruit: An acorn, mostly solitary, commonly subsessile, brownish black.
Twigs: Slender, deep red, glabrous, terminal buds, small, ovoid, acute, reddish brown, lateral buds, similar but smaller, leaf scars and pith.
Bark: Dark reddish brown, smooth at first, becoming divided into deep fissures separated by broad, flat ridges.
Comments:A common ornamental wood used locally for fuel.