A small tree reaching 20-30′ at maturity.
Leaves: simple, serrate, alternate, deciduous, 2-4″ in length turning yellow in fall.
Flowers: white, in clusters with five petals 1″ wide, early spring.
Fruit: Large drupe about 1″ in diameter, maturing in midsummer through fall, flesh is thick and edible surrounding round single seed 1/2″ in length. Fruit is dark red/purplish at maturity.
Twigs: slender and smooth, terminal buds are up to 2″ in length, pointed and scaly.
Bark: gray to black when young becoming scaly, rough and furrowed bark as tree matures, old trees may have dark papery bark.
Comments: A tough tree when planted in well-drained areas, usually exists in the understory of creek bottoms, moist woods, slopes, canyons, and fence rows.